Montenegro Coastal Survey Project: 2011 Field Season
The 2011 field season multibeam coverage continued from Cape Platamuni into Budvanski Zaliv. Depths for the survey ranged from c. 15 m in the shallow bay areas out to the 80-m contour. The multibeam survey reached an area roughly parallel with the island of Saint Nikola.
With viable anomalies from the 2009-10 seasons largely completed, verification efforts focused on those identified in the 2011 survey data. One additional anomaly from the 2010 field season was also investigated. Per usual methodology, anomalies that are clearly modern vessels and those with great potential for ancient wrecks are marked as primary; additionally, representative anomalies in areas with odd seafloor features are also marked for investigation. Primary anomalies are all verified, while those in exploratory areas were expanded upon or narrowed depending on findings.
Eight submerged sites were located during anomaly verification in 2011, this brings the total to 21 wreck sites for the 3 field seasons. Of the 8 sites discovered in 2011, 4 are ancient wrecksites and 4 are modern wrecksites. A total of 9 ancient wrecksites have now been located between the entrance of Boka Kotorska and Budvanski Zaliv within 6-7 km of shore.
Site: MM11-AE,Budvanski Zaliv 1 Wreck
A large, well integrated and intact wreck site formed by a large cargo of 4th century BCE Corinthian amphoras of A and B varieties. In addition to the amphoras, there was a large pithos at each end of the wrecksite; each sitting relatively upright. It is possible that these were used for shipboard use or they may contain cargo items of higher value. The height of stacked amphoras visible above the seafloor and noted amphora tops projecting from the soft underlying sediment indicates a substantial buried portion of the wreck, which would undoubtedly include hull structure.
Site: MN11-AF, Budvanski Zaliv 2 Wreck
A slightly disturbed mound of amphoras forms the primary portion of this largely intact wreck site. All of the amphoras observed on the surface and protruding from the seafloor are of the type Lamboglia 2. A single example was raised for identification and recording: MN11AF-0001. This amphora revealed an early stage in the developmental history of the Lamboglia 2 type and provides a provisional date of the second half of the 2nd century BCE. Many of the amphoras exhibit a large amount of marine growth.
Site: MN11-AG, Budvanski Zaliv 3 Wreck
Very similar site to MN11-AF. A slightly disturbed mound of amphoras forms the primary portion of this largely intact wreck site. All of the amphoras observed on the surface and protruding from the seafloor are of the type Lamboglia 2. A single example was raised for identification and recording: MN11AG-0001. This amphora revealed an early stage in the developmental history of the Lamboglia 2 type and provides a provisional date of the second half of the 2nd century BCE. Many of the amphoras exhibit a large amount of marine growth as with MN11-AF.
Site: MN11-AH, Krekavica 2 Wreck
A slightly disturbed mound that has scattered deposits of amphoras, fragments, and partially buried amphoras. The site is disturbed and appears to be largely buried in soft sediment. Although most of the ceramic material is broken and difficult to identify from the video, two amphoras were identifiable in the video, both Rhodian. Their forms suggest a date in the 1st – 2nd century CE. Another small amphora was also noted; however, growth prevents identification of the neck/rim and it is unclear how the bottom section is formed.